What Is A Steering Column?

Are you curious to know what is a steering column? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about a steering column in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is a steering column?

The steering column, a critical yet often overlooked component of an automobile, plays a fundamental role in the control and maneuverability of the vehicle. It’s a vital link between the driver and the wheels, enabling directional control and the safe operation of the vehicle. In this blog, we’ll explore what a steering column is, its components, functions, and its importance in the modern automotive world.

What Is A Steering Column?

The steering column is a vertical shaft-like structure that connects the steering wheel to the vehicle’s steering system, allowing the driver to control the direction of the front wheels. It’s typically located just behind the steering wheel and extends down to where it connects to the steering gearbox or rack-and-pinion system. The steering column is a critical part of the vehicle’s safety and control systems.

Components Of A Steering Column

A typical steering column comprises several key components:

  1. Steering Wheel: The steering wheel is the driver’s point of contact for controlling the vehicle’s direction. It is attached to the top of the steering column.
  2. Steering Shaft: The steering shaft is the main part of the column and extends from the steering wheel down to the steering gearbox or rack-and-pinion assembly.
  3. Universal Joints: Universal joints, also known as U-joints, are present in the steering column to allow for flexibility and movement as the vehicle’s suspension system responds to road conditions.
  4. Tilt and Telescoping Mechanisms: Some modern vehicles feature adjustable steering columns that allow the driver to change the steering wheel’s position, providing added comfort and ergonomics.
  5. Ignition Lock Cylinder: In many vehicles, the ignition lock cylinder is integrated into the steering column. It’s the part where the driver inserts the key to start the vehicle.
  6. Steering Column Shroud: The shroud is a cover that surrounds the steering column to protect its components and provide an aesthetic touch to the interior.
  7. Safety Features: Modern steering columns often include safety features such as collapsible columns that absorb impact energy in the event of a collision to protect the driver.

Functions Of The Steering Column

The steering column serves several essential functions in a vehicle:

  1. Steering Control: The primary role of the steering column is to transmit the driver’s input from the steering wheel to the vehicle’s front wheels, enabling the driver to control the vehicle’s direction.
  2. Ignition Control: In vehicles with an integrated ignition lock cylinder, the steering column allows the driver to start and stop the engine.
  3. Adjustability: Some steering columns have tilt and telescoping features, providing the driver with the ability to customize the steering wheel’s position for comfort and ease of operation.
  4. Safety: The steering column can play a significant role in enhancing safety. Modern designs incorporate energy-absorbing components that reduce the risk of injury in a collision.

Get to know some more interesting facts on Petsbee.

Importance In Vehicle Control

The steering column’s importance in vehicle control cannot be overstated. It serves as the conduit for the driver’s commands to the wheels, allowing for precise and immediate directional adjustments. The design and construction of the steering column are critical for a vehicle’s stability, handling, and safety. If the steering column fails or malfunctions, it can lead to a loss of control, making it a potential safety hazard.


The steering column is an often-underappreciated but critical component of an automobile. It forms the connection between the driver and the vehicle’s steering system, allowing for precise control and maneuverability. Its design, features, and safety components have evolved over the years to enhance the driving experience and, most importantly, to ensure the safety of both the driver and passengers. Understanding the importance of the steering column highlights its significance in the modern automotive world.


What Does A Steering Column Do?

The steering column of the car is connected to the steering wheel and the steering gear underneath, playing the role of connecting up and down. In normal use, it bears the task of transmitting the torque from the steering wheel to the steering gear.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Bad Steering Column?

What Are The Symptoms Of A Faulty Electric Steering Column?

  • Steering light illuminates on the dashboard.
  • Intermittent loss of power steering.
  • Heavy steering one way (or sometimes both ways)
  • Failing to start.
  • Torque sensor fault.
  • Steering angle sensor fault.
  • Steering wheel vibrates when you turn the wheel.

How Much Does It Cost To Fix Steering Column?

The average cost for a Steering Column Adjust Motor Replacement is between $591 and $630. Labor costs are estimated between $148 and $187 while parts are priced between $443 and $443. Your location and vehicle may affect the price of Steering Column Adjust Motor Replacement.

Can I Drive My Car With A Broken Steering Column?

Your ability to drive your car with a broken steering column depends on the severity of the damage. Minor damages usually result in shaky steering wheels or difficulty turning, while extreme cases eliminate control over your car.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is A Steering Column Used For

What Is A Steering Column Made Of

What Is A Steering Column In A Car

What Is A Steering Column Diagram

Steering Column Motor

Steering Column Function

Types Of Steering Column

What Is A Steering Column

What is a steering column in a car